1. Egyptian Mythology : Hathor (Het-heru, Het-Hert)
A very old goddess of Egypt, worshiped as a cow-deity from earliest times. The name "Hathor" is the Greek corruption of the variants Het-Hert ("the House Above") and Het-Heru ("the House of Horus").
Both terms refer to her as a sky goddess. The priests of Heliopolis often referred to her as RA's consort, the mother of Shu and Tefnut.
Like Isis, Hathor was considered by many to be the goddess "par excellence" and held the attributes of most of the other goddesses at one time or another. Like Isis and Mut, Hathor was a manifestation of the "Great Mother" archetype; a sort of cosmic Yin.
She had so very many manifestations that eventually seven important ones were selected and widely worshiped as the "Seven Hathors": Hathor of Thebes, Heliopolis, Aphroditopolis, Sinai, Momemphis, Herakleopolis, and Keset.
The Greeks identified her with Aphrodite, and this is not too far off, as she represented, inthe texts, everything true, good, and beautiful in all forms of woman; mother, wife, sister, and daughter; also the patron of artists of every kind, and of joyful things, festivals, and happiness. The star Sirius (called by the Egyptians Sepdet) was sacred to her.
[Source: Shawn C. Knight, "Egyptian Mythology FAQ" ]
SEE ALSO Isis, Mut, RA, Shu, Tefnut.
This topic was copied from the HyperBase and is likely to be revised.